Marin Lujak

IMT Lille Douai, France


Articles in journals indexed in Web of Science, Journal Citation Reports (WoS JCR)

1] Lujak, M., Giordani, S., Omicini, A., and Ossowski, S.: Decentralizing Coordination in Open Vehicle Fleets for Scalable and Dynamic Task Allocation. Complexity, The Wiley Hindawi Partnership. (2020) Accepted.

2] Billhardt, H., Fernández, A., Lujak, M., and Ossowski, S.: Agreement Technologies for Coordination in Smart Cities. Applied Sciences, vol. 8(5), 816 MDPI (2018) DOI: 10.3390/app8050816 [link]

3] Lujak, M. and Giordani, S.: Centrality Measures for Evacuation: Finding Agile Evacuation Routes. Future Generation Computer Systems, vol. 83, pp. 401-412. Elsevier. (2018) DOI:10.1016/j.future.2017.05.014 [link]

4] Lujak, M., Billhardt, H., Dunkel, J., Fernández, A., Hermoso, R., and Ossowski, S.: A Distributed Architecture for Real-Time Evacuation Guidance in In-Door Smart Spaces. Computer Science and Information Systems, vol. 14(1), pp. 257-282 (2017) DOI:10.2298/CSIS161014002L [link]

5] Billhardt, H., Fernandez, A., Lujak, M., Ossowski, S., Julian, V., De Paz, J.F., Z. Hernandez, J.: Coordinating Open Fleets. A Taxi Assignment Example. AI Communications, vol. 30(1), pp. 37-52. IOS Press (2017) DOI: 10.3233/AIC-170722 [link]

6] Lujak, M. and Ossowski, S.: Evacuation Route Optimization Architecture Considering Human Factor. AI Communications, vol. 30(1), pp. 53-66. IOS Press (2017) DOI 10.3233/AIC-170721 [link]

7] Lujak M., Billhardt H., and Ossowski S.: Distributed Coordination of Emergency Medical Assistance for Angioplasty Patients. Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence, vol. 78(1), pp. 73-100. Springer (2016) DOI: 10.1007/s10472-016-9507-9 [link]

8] Lujak M., Giordani S., and Ossowski S.: Route guidance: Bridging System and User Optimization in Traffic Assignment, Neurocomputing, vol. 151(1), pp. 449-460. Elsevier (2015) DOI: 10.1016/j.neucom.2014.08.071 [link]

9] Cong Z., Fernández A., Billhardt H., and Lujak, M.: Service Discovery Acceleration with Hierarchical Clustering. Information Systems Frontiers, vol. 17(4), pp. 799-808, Springer (2015) DOI: 10.1007/s10796-014-9525-2 [link]

10] Billhardt H., Lujak M., Sánchez-Brunete V., Fernández A., Ossowski, S.: Dynamic Coordination of Ambulances for Emergency Medical Assistance Services. Knowledge-Based Systems, vol. 70, pp. 268-280, Elsevier (2014) DOI:10.1016j. knosys.2014.07.006 [link]

11] Billhardt H., Fernández A., Lemus L., Lujak M., Osman N., Ossowski S., Sierra C.: Dynamic Coordination in Fleet Management Systems: Toward Smart Cyber Fleets. Intelligent Systems, vol. 29(3), pp. 70-76, IEEE (2014) DOI: 10.1109/MIS.2014.41 [link]

12] Giordani S., Lujak M., and Martinelli F.: A Distributed Multi-Agent Production Planning and Scheduling Framework for Mobile Robots. Computers and Industrial Engineering, vol. 64(1), pp. 19-30,  Elsevier (2013) DOI: 10.1016/j.cie.2012.09.004 [link]



13] Lujak, M., Billhardt, H., and Ossowski, S.: Method for coordinating fleets for event assistance in dynamic environments. Publication No. WO/2014/020186, International Application No. PCT/ES2012/000292, Publication Date: 06.02.2014 [link]



14] Agreement Technologies: Post-proceedings of the 6th International Conference AT 2018, Bergen, Norway, 6-7 December, 2018. Revised Selected Papers. M Lujak (Editor), LNAI vol. 11327, Springer (2019) [link]


Proceedings and post-proceedings in book series, book chapters, and other articles in peer-reviewed journals

15] Khalid, Q., Fernandez, A., Lujak, M., and Doniec, A.: A Two-Phase Context-Aware Approach to Emergency Evacuation in Smart Buildings.  In De La Prieta F. et al. (Eds.) Highlights of Practical Applications of Survivable Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. The PAAMS Collection. PAAMS 2019. Communications in Computer and Information Science, vol 1047. Springer, Cham (2019)  [link]

16] Khalid Q., Fernández A., Lujak M., Doniec A.: A Group Evacuation Method for Smart Buildings. In: Camarinha-Matos L., Almeida R., Oliveira J. (Eds.) Technological Innovation for Industry and Service Systems. DoCEIS 2019. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, vol 553. Springer, Cham (2019) [link]

17] Lujak, M. and Doniec, A.: Towards Distributed Real-Time Coordination of Shoppers’ Routes in Smart Hypermarkets. In Lujak M. (Ed.) Agreement Technologies: 6th International Conference on Agreement Technologies, AT 2018, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 223-238, LNAI vol. 11327.  Springer, Cham (2019) [link]

18] Khalid, Q., Lujak, M., Fernández, A., and Doniec, A: On the Use of Elevators During Emergency Evacuation. In: Rodríguez, S. et al. (Eds.) Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, Special Sessions, 15th Int. Conf. on Distributed Computing and Artificial Intelligence, DCAI 2018. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing Vol. 801, pp. 149-156, Springer, Cham (2018). DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-99608-0_17 [link]

19] Lujak M., Bouraqadi N., Doniec A., Fabresse L., Fleury A., Karami A., and Lozenguez G.: Towards Robots-Assisted Ambient Intelligence. In Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies: 15th European Conference, EUMAS 2017, and 5th Int. Conf., AT 2017, Revised Selected Papers. E. Argente and F. Belardinelli (Eds.) LNAI vol. 10767, pp. 490-497 (2018) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-01713-2_34 [link]

20] Lujak M. and Billhardt H.: A Distributed Algorithm for Dynamic Break Scheduling in Emergency Service Fleets. In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems, PRIMA 2017. B. An, A.L.C. Bazzan, J. Leite, S. Villata, L. van der Torre (Eds.). LNAI vol. 10621, pp. 477-485 (2017)  DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-69131-2 30 [link]

21] Billhardt H., Dunkel J., Fernandez A., Lujak M., Hermoso R., and Ossowski S.: A Proposal for Situation-Aware Evacuation Guidance based on Semantic Technologies. In Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies: 14th European Conference, EUMAS 2016, and 4th Int. Conf., AT 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Criado Pacheco, N. et al. (Eds.) LNAI vol. 10207, pp. 493-508 (2017)  DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59294-7_40 [link]

22] Lujak M. and Slavkovik M.: A Modified Vickrey Auction with Regret Minimization for Uniform Alliance Decisions. In: Ivanović M. et al. (Eds.) Intelligent Distributed Computing XI. IDC 2017. Studies in Computational Intelligence, vol 737. Springer, Cham DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-66379-1_6. [link]

23] Lujak M. and Ossowski S.: Intelligent People Flow Coordination in Smart Spaces. In Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies: 13th European Conf., EUMAS 2015, and 3rd Int. Conf. AT 2015, Athens, Greece, December 17-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Rovatsos M. et al. (Eds.), LNAI vol. 9571, pp. 34—49 (2016) DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-33509-4_3 [link]

24] Billhardt H.,  Fernández A., Lujak M., Ossowski S.,  Julián V., De Paz J. F., Hernández J. Z.: Towards Smart Open Dynamic Fleets. In Multi-Agent Systems and Agreement Technologies: 13th European Conf., EUMAS 2015, and 3rd Int. Conf. AT 2015, Athens, Greece, December 17-18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Rovatsos M. et al. (Eds.), LNAI vol. 9571, pp. 410-424 (2016) DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-33509-4_32 [link]

25] Lujak M., Billhardt H., and Ossowski S.: Optimizing emergency medical assistance coordination in after-hours urgent surgery patients. In Multi-Agent Systems, 12th European Conference, EUMAS 2014, Prague, Czech Republic, December 18-19, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. N. Bulling (Ed.), LNCS vol. 8953, pp. 316–331 (2015) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-17130-2_21 [link]

26] Argente E., Billhardt H., Cuesta C. E., Esparcia S., Goermer J., Hermoso R., Kirikal K., Lujak M., Perez-Sotelo J.S., and Taveter K.: Adaptive Agent Organizations. Agreement Technologies. Ossowski S. (Editor), LGTS vol. 8, pp. 321-353 (2013) DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5583-3_20 [link]

27] Lujak M. and Billhardt H.: Coordinating Emergency Medical Assistance. Agreement Technologies, Ossowski, S. (Editor), LGTS vol. 8, pp. 597-609 (2013) DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5583-3_35 [link]

28] Lujak M., Billhardt H., and Ossowski S.: On Mobile Target Allocation with Incomplete Information in Defensive Environments. In Agent and Multi-Agent Systems. Technologies and Applications, Proceedings of the 6th KES Int. Conf., KES-AMSTA 2012, Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 25-27, 2012.  Jezic, G. et al. (Eds.), LNCS vol. 7327, pp. 4-13 (2012) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-30947-2_4 [link]

29] Billhardt H. and Lujak M.: Un Sistema Multiagente para dar Apoyo a Asistencias en Emergencias Médicas. Novatica, vol. 218, pp. 37-42, (2012) ISSN: 0211-2124 [pdf][link]

30] Lujak M., Giordani S., and Ossowski S.: Value of incomplete information in mobile target allocation. In Multiagent System Technologies. Proceedings of the 9th German Conference, MATES 2011, Berlin, Germany, October 6-7, 2011. Klügl, F. and Ossowski, S. (Eds.), LNCS vol. 6973, pp. 89-100 (2011) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-24603-6_10 [link]

31] Lujak M. and Giordani S.: On the Communication Range in the Auction-based Multi-Agent Target Assignment. In Self-Organizing Systems. Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop, IWSOS 2011, Karlsruhe, Germany, February 23-24, 2011. Bettstetter, C. and Gershenson, C. (Eds.), LNCS vol. 6557, pp. 32-43 (2011) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-19167-1_4 [link]

32] Giordani S., Lujak M., and Martinelli F.: A Distributed Algorithm for the Multi-Robot Task Allocation Problem. In Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems, Proceedings of the 23rd Int. Conf. on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2010, Cordoba, Spain, June 1-4, 2010. Garcìa-Pedrajas, N. et al. (Eds.), LNCS vol. 6096, part I, pp.721–730 (2010) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-13022-9_72 [link]

33] Giordani S., Lujak M., and Martinelli F.: A Decentralized Scheduling Policy for a Dynamically Reconfigurable Production System. In Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems for Manufacturing. Proceedings of the 4th Int. Conf. on Industrial Applications of Holonic and Multi-Agent Systems, HoloMAS 2009, Linz, Austria, August 31-September 2, 2009. Marìk, V., Strasser, T. and Zoitl, A., Eds., LNCS vol. 5696, pp. 102-113 (2009) DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-03668-2_10 [link]


Conferences and workshops with review Program Committees

34] Lonlac, J., Doniec, A., Lujak, M., Lecoeuche, S.:  Mining Frequent Seasonal Gradual Patterns. The 22nd Int. Conference on Big Data Analytics and Knowledge Discovery (DAWAK2020) in Bratislava, Slovakia. Accepted

35] Lujak, M., Semet, F., Sklar, E.: On Multi-Agent Coordination of Agriculture Vehicle Fleets. The 11th International Workshop on Agents in Traffic and Transportation (ATT 2020) held in conjunction with the 24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI 2020) in Santiago de Compostela (Spain). Accepted

36] Lujak, M., Fernandez, A., Onaindia, E.: A Decentralized Multi-Agent Coordination Method for Dynamic and Constrained Production Planning. In Proc. of the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2020) - May 2020, Auckland, New Zealand. [video] [paper]

37] Lujak, M., Onaindia, E., Fernandez, A.: A Decentralized Spillover Effect Algorithm for the Capacitated Lot-Sizing Problem with Back-Orders. In: EURO 2019 - 30th European Conference on Operational Research - Dublin, Book of Abstracts, pp. 69-70 (2019) [link]

38] Lujak, M., Onaindia, E., Fernandez, A.: Decentralized Spillover Algorithm for Capacitated Lot Sizing Problem. In: Congrés ROADEF 2019, February 2019, France, Livre des Résumés, pp. 417-418 [link]

39] Lujak, M.: STSM “Break assignment in emergency fleets”. In: ICIAM 2019 Valencia, 9th International Congress on Industrial and Applied mathematics, July 15-19, Valencia, Spain, Program & Abstracts Book, pp. 41 (2019) [link]

40] Papadakis P., Lohr C., Lujak M., Karami A. B., Kanellos I., Lozenguez G., Fleury A.: System Design for Coordinated Multi-Robot Assistance Deployment in Smart Spaces. The Fourth IEEE Int. Workshop on Collaboration of Humans, Agents, Robots, Machines and Sensors, CHARMS 2018@ IEEE IRC 2018. [link]

41] Lujak M., Papadakis P., Fernandez A.: Endowing Mobile Robot Teams with Ambient Intelligence for Improved Patient Care. In: Proc. of the 4th Int. Workshop on Artificial Intelligence and Robotics, AIRO2017. A workshop of the XVI Int. Conf. of the Italian Association for Artificial Intelligence (AI*IA 2017). S. Anzalone et al. (Eds.) Bari, Italy, Nov. 14-15, 2017. Available online at [link]

42] Lujak M. and Giordani S.: Evacuation Centrality: Agile Evacuation Routing in Unpredictable Hazardous Conditions. Marin Lujak and Rubén Fuentes Fernández (Eds.): Proc. of the First Int. Workshop on Ambient Intelligence for Large Premises (AmILP 2016) co-located with ECAI 2016. The Hague, Netherlands, August 28, 2016. Available online at [link]

43] Billhardt H., Dunkel J., Lujak M., Fermández A., Hermoso R., and Ossowski S.: An Architecture for Situation-Aware Evacuation Guidance in Smart Buildings. Marin Lujak and Rubén Fuentes Fernández (Eds.): Proc. of the First Int. Workshop on Ambient Intelligence for Large Premises (AmILP 2016) co-located with ECAI 2016. The Hague, Netherlands, August 28, 2016. Available online at [link]

44] Lujak M., Giordani S., and Ossowski S.: An Architecture for Evacuation Route Safety Optimization in Large Smart Spaces. In Proc. of the Ninth International Workshop on Agents in Traffic and Transportation (ATT 2016) co-located with the 25th International Joint Conference On Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI 2016), New York, USA, July 10, 2016. [link].

45] Lujak M. and Ossowski S.: On Avoiding Panic by Pedestrian Route Recommendation in Smart Spaces. 2016 IEEE International Black Sea Conference on Communications and Networking (IEEE BlackSeaCom), Varna, Bulgaria,  6-9 June 2016, pp. 1-5. DOI: 10.1109/BlackSeaCom.2016.7901576  [pdf] [link]

46] Lujak M. and Fernandez A.: Distributed multi-robot coordination combining semantics and real-time scheduling. In  Proceedings of the 10th Iberian Conference on Information Systems and Technologies (CISTI 2015), pp. 1-6, Aveiro, Portugal (2015) DOI: 10.1109/CISTI.2015.7170599 [link]

47] Lujak M. and Fernandez A.: "ORCAS: Optimized Robots Configuration and Scheduling System", The 30th ACM/SIGAPP Symposium On Applied Computing (SAC 2015), vol. 1(1), pp. 327-330 Salamanca, Spain (2015) DOI: 10.1145/2695664.2696024 [link]

48] Lujak M., Giordani S., and Ossowski S.: Fair route guidance: bridging system and user optimization. In Proceedings Of the IEEE Conference on Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSC 2014), pp. 1415-1422, Qingdao, China (2014) DOI:  10.1109/ITSC.2014.6957885 [link]

49] Bruns R., Dunkel J., Billhardt H., Lujak M., and Ossowski S.: Using Complex Event Processing to Support Data Fusion for Ambulance Coordination. In Proceedings of the 17th Int. Conf. on Information Fusion (FUSION 2014), pp. 1-7, Salamanca, Spain (2014) ISBN: 978-84-9012-355-3 [link]

50] Billhardt H., Lujak M., Ossowski S., Bruns R., and Dunkel J.: Intelligent Event Processing for Emergency Medical Assistance. In Proceedings of the 29th Annual ACM Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC-2014), pp. 200-206, Gyengju, Korea (2014) DOI: 10.1145/2554850.2554975 [link]

51] Lujak M.: Towards Future Road Networks: Considering Traffic System’s Fairness Trap. In Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 14332 on Formal Methods for Coordinating Multi-Agent Systems, Agotnes, T. and Bulling, N., (Eds.), abstract pp. 29, Dagstuhl, Germany, 10-14 August 2014, DOI: 10.4230/DagRep.4.8.21 [pdf]

52] Lujak M. and Slavkovik M.: Retailer-Group Supplier Assignment: Comparison of Two Collaborative Decision Making Models. The 11th edition of the European Workshop on Multi-agent Systems (EUMAS 2013), Toulouse, France, 12-13 December 2013 [pdf]

53] Lujak M. and Slavkovik M.: Competitive Voters vs. Collaborative Bidders: Agreements in Dynamic Task Assignment. In CEUR Workshop Proc. of Agreement Technologies (AT 2012), Ossowski, S., Toni, F., and Vouros, G. (Eds.), Vol. 918, pp. 205-219, Dubrovnik, Croatia (2012) ISSN 1613-0073 [pdf]

54] Lujak M. and Billhardt H.: Coordinating Emergency Medical Assistance. XVI Congress of the Croatian Association of EMS Providers with International Participation. Novi Vinodolski, Croatia, 18-21 October 2012. Invited talk in Book of Lectures and Abstracts, pg. 147-156 (2012) ISSN 1846-2731

55] Lujak M.: A Distributed Coordination Model for Multi-Robot Box Pushing. In Intelligent Manufacturing Systems, IFAC Workshop (IMS 2010), Vol. 10(1), pp. 120-125, Lisabon, Portugal (2010) DOI: 10.3182/20100701-2-PT-4011.00022 [link]

56] Giordani S., Lujak M., and Martinelli F.: A Multi-Robot Allocation Approach for a Dynamically Reconfigurable Production System. In Proceedings of XLI Annual Conf. of the Italian Operational Research Society (AIRO 2010), Book of Abstracts, pp. 56, Santa Trada, Italy (2010) ISBN 978-88-902732-3-0 [link]


Invited talks, presentations, and other publications

57] Invited virtual talk titled “Distributed and Dynamic Decision Making in CPSs for the Future Networked Society”, LAMSADE Seminar, Paris Dauphine University- PSL, France, held on the 30th of April 2020 [video]

58] Panagiotis P. and Lujak M.: Projet COMRADES: “Coordinated Multi-Robot Assistance Deployment in Smart Spaces”. Poster at Colloque IMT « Healthcare 4.0 : nouvelles avancées en ingénierie pour la santé », l’école des Mines de Saint-Etienne, France, 15 Oct. 2019 [pdf] (p.19)

59] Lujak, M. and Billhardt, B.: Case Study from Short Term Scientific Mission “Emergency fleet break assignment problem considering area coverage”. Handbook “What is Industrial Mathematics? Case Studies from MI-NET”. Mathematics for Industry Network (MI-NET) p.30. COST ACTION TD1409. April, 2019 [pdf]

60] Lujak M.: Finding agile evacuation routes by the means of centrality measures for evacuation. Invited talk at the «Decision, Systèmes Intelligents, Recherche Opérationnelle» Department, Laboratoire d’Informatique de Paris 6 (LIP6), Sorbonne University—CNRS, France. December 12, 2018

61] Lujak M. : Gestion et optimisation dynamique des ressources de production basée sur des systèmes multi-agents.  9e Colloque IMT Systèmes de production du futur. Quelle ingénierie et quel pilotage pour quelles transformations? 9 octobre 2018, ParisTech, France. [video] (2:31:10—2:51:55)

62] Lujak M.: Considering User Preference and Acceptance of Next Generation Route Guidance Systems. Invited talk in the special session on Flow Optimization in Traffic Networks at ISAIM 2018, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, USA. January 3-5, 2018 [link]

63] Lujak, M.: Intelligent Transportation Systems for Route Guidance. Invited talk within the “Mastère Spécialisé” on Smart Mobility: Numeric transformation of mobility systems. ENPC—Télécom ParisTech, Paris, France. MS Director: Olivier Haxaire. October 10, 2017

64] Lujak, M.: On Shoppers' Route Guidance in Congested Smart Hypermarkets . Third Workshop on Social Modeling of Environmental Intelligence Applied to Large Installations (MOSI-AGIL) (in Spanish: III Jornada sobre Modelado Social de Inteligencia Ambiental Aplicado a Grandes Instalaciones). Coordinator: Alberto Fernandez, CETINIA, URJC. Madrid, Spain. October 24, 2017

65] Lujak, M.: Evacuation Centrality Measure: Finding Agile Evacuation Routes in a Hazard. Second Workshop on Social Modeling of Environmental Intelligence Applied to Large Installations (MOSI-AGIL) (in Spanish: II Jornada sobre Modelado Social de Inteligencia Ambiental Aplicado a Grandes Instalaciones). Coordinator: Holger Billhardt, CETINIA, URJC. Madrid, Spain. November 11, 2016

66] Lujak M.: Distributed Coordination of Emergency Medical Service. Invited Talk on the University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Department of Enterprise Engineering, Italy. May 31, 2016

67] Lujak M.: Intelligent Coordination of People Flows in Intelligent Spaces.   MOSI-AGIL Conference on  Social Modeling of Ambient Intelligence Applied to Large Facilities. Coordinator Alberto Fernández, URJC, Madrid, Spain, Oct. 15, 2015. In the Proc. of MOSI-AGIL, pg. 47-48, (2015) ISBN: 978-84-608-1692-8 [pdf]

68] Lujak M.: “Personal route guidance in closed spaces: Fair route assignment”. MOSI-AGIL Seminar. ETSIT, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain. February 18, 2015

69] Lujak M.: “Tecnologías del Acuerdo en ambientes inteligentes: Estado del arte”. Seminar MOSI-AGIL. ETSIT, Politechnic University of Madrid, Spain. June 23, 2015 [link]

70] Billhardt H. and Lujak M.: Optimización de la Gestión de Flota de Emergencias. Curso de Actualización para Técnicos de Emergencias Sanitarias, dirigida a tes. del SUMMA112, Centro Cultural de Arroyomolinos, Madrid, Spain, June 10-11, 2013 [link]

71] Lujak M. and Billhardt H.: Optimización en el Flujo de Pacientes para Angioplastia Primaria. Foro de Debate: Manejo Actual del SCA por los Servicios de Emergencias, Urgencias y Cardiología. Sala Ateneo, Madrid, Spain, May 16-17, 2013

72] Lujak M., Giordani S., and Ossowski S.: Value of Incomplete Information in Mobile Target Allocation. EUMAS’11, Maastricht, Netherlands, November 13-15, 2011


PhD thesis

73] Lujak M.: Dynamic Management of Mobile Production Resources based on Multi-Agent Systems. PhD thesis, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, Rome, Italy, December (2010)